The European Union advocates a development of Artificial Intelligence centered on people and promoted by public policies, while in the United States the promoter is the private sector “guided by economic objectives” and in China “control of people” is the goal of the state.
This is reflected in the IV Report on Science and Technology in Spain 2022, presented by the Alternativas Foundation and co-directed by the UCM Professor of Applied Economics Isabel Álvarez and the PhD in Biology and CSIC professor Vicente Larraga.
The document proposes lines from which to advance to place the country on the geopolitical map of R+D+i and defends that this is the “ideal moment” to promote Science, Technology and Innovation policies, since currently the social perception of Science “gives it a greater relevance for the future of society than was given to it in earlier periods.”
In its conclusions, the study points out that at this time the transformation implied by the “growing apogee” of the techniques and uses associated with Artificial Intelligence has social consequences, also in the industry, and can even “contribute positively from the commitment to justice and the postulates of sustainable development”. “Public control of AI developments that are based on democratic values and respect for people is inexcusable,” the document states.
In the report, the president of the Spanish Association of Artificial Intelligence (AEPIA), Alicia Troncoso, analyzes that, although Artificial Intelligence is the subject of “great media attention”, the treatment it receives “is usually very superficial and, furthermore, the message is frequently more anecdotal and alarmist than factual, mostly focused on the important social changes and the substantial modification of employment that it will entail in the very near future”.
In this sense, he warns that “certainly there are aspects that can be negative, such as security and protection in data processing, since the vast majority of Artificial Intelligence algorithms need data to learn patterns, make forecasts or make recommendations. Among the examples, the expert highlights that in 2018 the Spanish Agency for Data Protection sanctioned WhatsApp and Facebook for the transfer of personal data between the two.
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